Extraction of ticks | University of Maryland Medical Center

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Ticks are small insect-like creatures living in forests and fields. They adhere to people by going through the middle of shrubs, plants and grass. Once the person is stuck, the ticks move to hot, humid places such as the armpits, groin, and hair. Ticks stick firmly to the skin in a typical way and begin to suck blood for food. This process is painless and most people will not notice the sting.

Ticks can be quite large - roughly the size of a pencil eraser - or so small that it is almost impossible to see them. Ticks can cause a variety of health problems ranging from harmless cases to serious problems.

See also: tick bites

h2> Causes


While most ticks do not carry disease, some can cause:

the symptoms of these diseases in the weeks following the sting of this animal:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • muscle disorders

  • Other flu-like symptoms
  • Neck stiffness

  • Swollen lymph nodes


Attention should also be paid to a red spot or outbreak that starts at the site of the bite.

The tick itself can cause paralysis in (paralyzed by ticks).

Symptoms include:

  • Lack of coordination
  • Propagation of the paralysis sis

Do not try to incinerate the tick with a match or other hot object

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DO NOT twist the tick when removing it.

When to Contact a Medical Professional

Call your doctor if you have not been able to remove the entire tick. Also, see if in the days following the tick bite develops:

Call the local emergency number (such as 911 in the United States) if you have signs of:

If you are stuck with a tick, follow these steps to remove it:

Hold the tick close to your head or the mouth with tweezers. Do not use fingers without gloves. If necessary, use toilet paper or a paper towel.

Pull the tick out with a slow, steady motion, without gutting or crushing it. Take care not to leave your head embedded in the skin.

Wash the entire area thoroughly with soap and water and also wash your hands thoroughly.

If you can not remove the tick, all parts of the tick, get medical help. Take the tick in the boat to the doctor's appointment.


  • long sleeve when walking through areas of dense vegetation, high grassland or heavily wooded areas.

  • Insert long pants boots into socks to prevent ticks from climbing

  • Wear light-colored clothing to keep your shirt tucked in. that ticks can be easily seen.

  • Spray clothing with insect repellent.

  • often while in the woods.

After returning home:

Some ticks are large and easy to locate, while others may be very small, so all black or brown spots on the skin should be thoroughly evaluated.

p> If possible, ask someone to help you examine your body for ticks.

An adult should carefully examine children. / p>


Bolgiano EB, Sexton J. Tick-borne illnesses. In: Marx JA, Hockberger RS, Walls RM, et al, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice . 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; Jacob L. Heller, MD, Ph.D., and author of the book " MHA, Emergency Medicine, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, Washington. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, ADAM, Inc. ADAM, Inc. is accredited by URAC, also known as the American Accreditation HealthCare Commission (www.urac.org). org). URAC's accreditation program is an independent audit to verify that A.D.A.M. follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. A.D.A.M. is among the first to achieve this important distinction for online health information and services. Learn more about A.D.A.M.'s editorial policy, editorial process and privacy policy. A.D.A.M. is a founding member of Hi-Ethics and subscribes to the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch)

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