Items filtered by date: Wednesday, 23 November 2016

Items filtered by date: Wednesday, 23 November 2016

Items filtered by date: Wednesday, 23 November 2016

• According to the Institute of Hydrology, Meteorology and Environmental Studies (IDEAM), it is important to bear in mind that during the month of November rainfalls and rains will be above average in much of the country. • In the case of the Andean region, rainfall will continue until mid-December and in the Caribbean, possibly until the end of November there will be dry weather.

The presence of hurricanes and tropical storms would be partly responsible for the increase in precipitation during these last months of the year in Colombia, which also implies prevention and support actions in the national territory in order to avoid various inconveniences due to downpours and storms. But, although it is important to remember that the rains generate the increase of some rivers and landslides in some areas of the country, being therefore advisable to take into account some tactics to avoid inconveniences with these aspects; it is invaluable to follow some practical recommendations related to the electrical systems of the home, because with the first rains, thunder and lightning, begin to appear faults in the insulation of conductors produced by the heat and sun of the previous weeks and that will be exposed to water.

To prevent these weather conditions from damaging your home's electrical equipment and installations, and even endangering thousands of lives, the Casa Segura Program offers some particularly useful recommendations. Because prevention is better than cure!:

1. In case of thunderstorm:

It is made up of:

a) The External Protection System: Air Terminal (Lightning conductors, usually made of copper or alloys of this material) p> b) The Internal Protection System: Overvoltage Protection Devices, equipotential networks and shielding networks.

c) The Prevention System (alarms and procedures). It is important to note that lightning surges must be filtered through the whole system of the electrical distribution of the building: From the panels of automatic protection devices, to the same surge suppressors to which they can be connected their electrical equipment. In this sense, the quality of the products used will be fundamental.

In this regard, copper plays a fundamental role in each of the components mentioned above because of its great driving ability. Lightning conductors, downspouts and copper pole-to-earth systems require features and dimensions that must be previously studied and determined by a professional in the electrical area, taking into account the type of building or structure where it is required to install. In Colombia, users should require the electrician to be certified and to know the RETIE (Technical Regulation of Electrical Installations). Likewise, it is important that the certified electrician performs an inspection not only technical-visual but also with the appropriate instruments and tools that allow him to check the good condition of the electrical conductors, their insulation, the operation of the circuit-breakers and the system from pole to ground.

2. Fluctuations in electricity and blackouts:

If a blackout occurs, it is advisable to disconnect the electrical appliances and to allow a reasonable time to reconnect them when the electrical flow returns. Also, it is essential to have totally dry hands when disconnecting or turning off any equipment and to be aware of leaks that may be caused by rain or possible water entries that fall on the connections to avoid short circuits or electric shocks that may cause the

Also, to protect equipment and appliances, do not forget to place a cover that prevents rain and water jets and dust. Let's take a close look at the lamps and outlets that go in the yards and gardens, even electric leads that are exposed to the drizzle should also have a protective cover, but it is much better to go inside the house through a channel It is always necessary to keep in mind that after a storm, hurricane, earthquake or other phenomenon of nature of this type, the electricity can be affected by winds, branches, falls or by the same rays and movements. At the slightest negligence, a bystander can come into contact with some wiring or energized structure, causing a serious electric shock, since in these cases it is common to develop electricity leaks that run in unusual ways.

Expert advice:

- Prevention of winter fires by electrical faults

Review interior wiring

Pay attention to the "notices" that our house gives us as frequent fall of automatic, strange odors in the installation, noise in interior of plugs

Change defective plugs and switches , especially if they are from outside

Differential protectors are very important because they take care of us in case of involuntary electrical contact.

- Major electrical faults

Overheating and overconsumption. If you drop the automatic frequently you have to check what happens, do not change it to a higher capacity without first doing a study.

3. In case of earthquakes:

After the earthquake, make sure that there are no loose wires in the ground that could lead to electricity and, therefore, endanger the lives of people transiting there. television power cable and household appliances, such as light poles, on the outside of homes). If possible, after the earthquake close records and power switches to prevent shorts and leaks.

Look for any objects that may have come loose or loosened during the earthquake or earthquake. Electrical appliances or connectors may create fire hazards.

Replace worn or frayed cables, plugs, and loose contacts.

Exposed cables and outlets represent a risk

Having spare parts for fuses in stock •

Remember that earthquakes and tremors can not be predicted, so it is important to periodically inspect your electrical installations and have the help of qualified professional personnel.

We invite you to put in Practice these helpful tips to have safe electrical installations in your home.

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