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Fuchsia

Fuchsia magellanica branches with flowers (above) and berries (below)

Taxonomy

Magnoliophyta ​​p>

Onagraceae

Genus:

Fuchsia

> Brebissonia Spach, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. be. 2, 4: 175, 1835. Ellobium Lilja, Linnaea 15: 262. 1841. Encliandra Zucc. Abh. Math.-Phys. Cl. Königl. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. 2: 335, 1837.

Kierschlegeria Spach, Hist. Nat. Veg. 4: 403. 1835. Lyciopsis Spach, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. be. 2, 4: 176. 1835. Myrinia Lilja, Fl. Sverig. Suppl. 1. 25. 1840. Nahusia Schneev., Icon. Pl. Rar. (Schneevoogt), 21, 1792. Quelusia Vand., Fl. Lusit. Bras. Spec. 23. 1788. Schufia Spach, Hist. Nat. Veg. 4: 411, 1835. Spachia Lilja, Tidning för trädgårdsskötsel och allmän wextkultur, 62. 1840 ex Linnaea. 15 262. 1841. Skinnera J.R. Forst. & amp; G. Forst., Char. Gen. Pl. 29, 1775. Thilcum Molina, Sag. Stor. Nat. Chili, ed.

/ i> is a genus of flower plants, of the family Onagraceae, within the order Myrtales. Mostly they are shrubs, with about 100 to 110 species of America and Oceania. They are known by the popular name of fuchsias , aretillos , pendientes or earrings of the Queen .

Distribution

Most fuchsia species are shrubs of 0.2-4 m in height, but a New Zealand species, Kotukutuku (Fuchsia excorticata) , is the most extraordinary of the genus being a tree that reaches 12-15 m in height.

Description

The leaves of Fuchsia are opposite in groups of 3-5 , lanceolate simple but usually have serrated margins (integers in some species), 1-25 cm in length, and can be both deciduous and evergreen depending on the species. It has different shades or colors: there are chalices from white to intense fuchsia. The flowers are pendulous, with long peduncles that make them look down. The chalice is cylindrical, with four lobes and a corolla with four petals. They are shaped like decorative slopes, which flourish profusely in the summer and fall, and year round in tropical species. They have four narrow, narrow sepals, and four broad, short petals; in many species the sepals are bright red, and the purple petals (color scheme that attracts the hummingbirds that pollinate them), but the colors can vary from white to dark red, purple blue, and orange. A few species have yellow tones.

The fruit is a small berry (5-25 mm) red-greenish dark to intense red, it is edible and has numerous small seeds inside.

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The genus was described by Carlos Linnaeus and published in Species Plantarum 2: 1191.

: generic name that was granted in honor of the German botanist, Leonhart Fuchs (1501-1566).

Fuchsia Species

Colored petals and sepals can be seen in different shades (reds, roses, fuchsias and violets).

Hybrid Fuchsia x bacillaris .

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