Family Thraupidae - Peru Birds | Peru Birds

Family Thraupidae - Peru Birds | Peru Birds

Family Thraupidae - Peru Birds | Peru Birds

The family Thraupidae includes the

Family Thraupidae - Peru Birds | Peru Birds
Family Thraupidae - Peru Birds | Peru Birds

tanagers, hemispinguses, dacnises, honeycreepers, conebills, flower piercers, finches and seedeaters. They are small to medium-sized birds often brightly colored, but some species are dull-colored. Birds in their first year are often a dull version of the adults, but some are of a different color as young. Males are typically more brightly colored than females. Most species within this family have short, rounded wings. The shape of the bill seems to be linked to the species' foraging habits. The family Thraupidae is restricted to the New World and mainly to the tropics. Many species are endemic to a relatively small area. They are omnivorous and their diets vary from genus to genus. Many pick insects off branches, other species look for

insects on the undersides of leaves. Yet others wait on branches until they see the flying insect and catch it in the air. Many of these particular species inhabit the same areas, but these specializations alleviate competition. Most species build cup nests on branches in trees. Some nests are almost globular. Entrances are usually built on the side of the nest. The nests can be shallow or deep. Most members of the family live in pairs or in small family groups. Birds may also be seen in single-species or mixed flocks. Many tanagers are thought to have dull songs, though some are elaborate. There are 59 genera and 186 species within the family Thraupidae known to occur in Peru. Photo: (left) Yellow-scared Tanager © Eduardo Patrial, (right) Chestnut-throated Seedeater, © Eduardo Patrial.

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