Eustasio Villanueva - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

Eustasio Villanueva - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

Eustasio Villanueva - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

Bell of Burgos, in the tower of San Gil. Photograph by Eustasio Villanueva, recognized as one of his masterpieces. Photo library of the IPCE. (Villegas, Burgos (Spain), 29 of March of 1875 - Burgos, 22 of September of 1949), was watchmaker and amateur photographer.

Established in the city of Burgos, he traveled throughout the province taking stereoscopic photographs, in three dimensions, in plates of glass format 6 x 13 centimeters, between the years 1913 and 1930. His subjects The son of Manuel Villanueva del Cerro (1846-1903), a leading manufacturer of tower clocks, continued in the field of architecture, as well as the Romanesque, Gothic and Renaissance monuments, as well as life in monasteries.

He combined the studies with his work and repeatedly visited all the towns of the province of Burgos and bordering on offering, marketing and installing what was produced in the factory.

p> His artistic inclinations led him to stand out within his profession in design and drawing. He made some oil painting, painting on canvas representing the descent of the cross and what he gave to the church of his hometown.

He was a student of the Provincial Academy of Drawing of Burgos, dedicated to the diffusion and promotion of drawing and the arts in that city.

In 1901 he married Bernardina Vadillo Gomez, and they had nine children.

In 1902 he became independent by opening a shop in the Plaza Mayor Burgos, dedicated to objects of jewelery, silverware and watchmaking. Attracted by the beauty and quality of the art of his province, he realized that the attempt to carry out a retrospective of this, both of the city and of the province , drawing all that, would be a very arduous task, especially having to reconcile it with his usual work.

On his way back to Burgos he was awakened in it, a great liking for photography, which was to last his life.

The date of the oldest photograph that is conserved corresponds to an autochrome plate , in color of 1913. The family Villanueva still conserves some stereoscopic plates "autochromas", according to the procedure in color of the house Lumière, being these plates the favorite ones by its author in years 10. There are preserved "autochromas" views of the cloister of the monastery of Fresdelval de Burgos.

Travel through the province began to intensify and in the luggage that was never missing the cameras and tripods brought from Paris. He made all his photographs with a tripod. He set up his own private laboratory and used different formulas of development, achieving different tones of great quality. He adopted the format 6 x 13 centimeters, in which measure he would perform almost all his work. This allowed him to contemplate the photos in relief, since they were stereoscopic, through a stereoscope, the Taxiphote.

On the occasion of the Ibero-American Exposition of Seville in the year 1929 obtained an extraordinary prize when presenting a fragment of his photographic collection.

One of his brothers, named Adulfo (not Adolfo), was a prominent Piarist religious, who signed his writings as Daulof. Appears portrayed in some of the photographs. Perhaps, Adulfo Villanueva should have helped him to get into the cloistered monasteries, to take photographs.

Photographic work

1,000 positive transparencies or stereoscopic plates are conserved, in glass, of the format 6 x 13 centimeters, in the File Villanueva, of the Institute of the Cultural Patrimony of Spain, in Madrid. The Spanish state bought most of the photographs in 1986, including some two thousand negatives.

There are few "autochromas" plates by Eustasio Villanueva that have survived to this day and not one of the stereoscopic transparencies acquired by the State, one of the grandchildren of the photographer, has donated some of these plates, along with a lot of several other photographs and various laboratory materials (contact presses, development tanks, slide plates, etc.) that will now also be kept in the "Spanish Historical Heritage Institute".

Another plaque recently donated by his grandson is an interior view of the photographic laboratory of Eustasio Villanueva. It is an ordinary transparency, the red-tinted "gelatin-bromide", which is very interesting because there are boxes of plates, buckets and jars of chemicals.

Your images, which are very well preserved, generally have great technical and aesthetic quality. Among the photographs of Eustasio Villanueva can be highlighted various masterpieces, such as the view taken in the tower of the church of San Gil, with a bell ringing a bell, while in the distance the Cathedral of Burgos is distinguished.

Other photographs stand out as a historical testimony to the state of some monuments. For example, the view of the castle of Ubierna, circa 1925, before its stones were reused in other constructions. Much of the castle was demolished in the twentieth century.

His photographs are endowed with a plasticity so intense that, from our perspective, we almost seem to be more related to the old romantic prints than with the photos current, to which often their brilliant color subtracts the emotion and the mystery of the things interviews.

Recently some of his photographs have been used for the restoration of the Cathedral of Burgos, by the technicians.

Since 2001 several monographic exhibitions of his photographic work have been organized, including audiovisuals in three dimensions. His photographs have been exhibited in 2001-2002 in Madrid, Alcalá de Henares, and Burgos. And in 2003 in Bogotá (Colombia), and Santiago de Chile.

Since June 2012, a thousand positive plates have been scanned in the catalog of the Photo Library of the Spanish Cultural Heritage Institute. All photographs can be downloaded and used freely, for non-commercial purposes, citing the source: Villanueva Archive, IPCE Photo Library, Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport .

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