How to Choose an Insect Repellent for Your Child - HealthyChildren.org

Mosquito bites, flies and ticks can make your children have a hard time. Although most children only have mild reactions to insect bites, some can become seriously ill.

One way to protect your child from insect bites is to use insect repellents. However, it is important to use insect repellents safely and correctly. Continue reading for more information on the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) on types of repellents, DEET, the safe use of repellents, and other ways to protect your child from Insect repellents come in many forms, such as aerosols, atomizers, liquids, creams and rods.

Some are made with chemicals and others contain natural ingredients.

Insect repellents prevent stinging insect bites but not stinging insects. Biting insects include mosquitoes, ticks, fleas, chiggers and flies. Stinging insects include bees, hornets and wasps.

NOTE: The following types of repellents are not effective:

  • Bracelets containing chemical repellents.

  • Ultrasonic devices that emit sound waves designed to ward off insects.

  • Households for birds or bats.

  • Garden devices that "electrocute" insects (in fact, can attract insects into your garden).

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About DEET

Studies show that products with a higher concentration of DEET offer more lasting protection. For example, products with an amount of about 10% can scare off insects for about 2 hours, while the effect of products with an amount of about 24% lasts an average of 5 hours. However, studies also show that products with a DEET amount over 30% do not offer any additional protection.

The AAP recommends that repellents used in children should not contain more than 30% of DEET. Insect repellents are not recommended for children under 2 months of age.

Recommendations for the safe use of repellents

What to do:

  • Apply insect repellent only on the outside of your child's clothing and on exposed skin. Note: Products containing permethrin should not be applied to the skin.

  • Spray repellents should be used outdoors to avoid inhalation. li>

    Use only the amount of repellent needed to cover your child's clothing and exposed skin. The use of a greater amount of repellent does not make it more effective. Avoid re-applying repellent unless necessary.

  • Help young children apply insect repellent. Monitor older children when using these products.

  • Wash your child's skin with soap and water to remove any remaining repellent when he returns to the interior of the house, and wash your clothes before you reuse them.

Do not:

  • Never apply insect repellent to children under 2 months old. >

  • Do not spray insect repellent on cuts, wounds or irritated skin.

  • Do not use products that combine DEET with sunscreen. DEET can make the sun protection factor (SPF) less effective. These products may cause too much DEET to be applied to the child because the sunscreen should be re-applied frequently.

Reactions to insect repellents

If you suspect your child is having a reaction, such as a rash, to an insect repellent, stop using the product and wash your child's skin with soap and water. Then call the Poison Control Center at 1-800-222-1222 or your child's doctor for help. If you go to your child's doctor's office, take the repellent container. Other ways to protect your child from insect bites

While you can not prevent all insect bites, you can reduce the number of bites your child gets by following these recommendations

Tell your child to avoid places that attract flying insects, such as trash cans, stagnant water,

When your child is going to be exposed to insects, wear long pants, a light shirt with long sleeves, socks and closed shoes. A wide-brimmed hat can help keep insects away from the face. In areas where your baby may be exposed to insects, you can place a mosquito net on top of the stroller.

Avoid dressing your child in colorful clothing bright or flower-stained, as these fabrics seem to attract insects.

Do not use scented soaps, perfumes or hair sprays with your child as they can attract insects

Keep mesh for doors and windows in good condition.

Remember that the most effective repellent against ticks is permethrin. This should not be applied to the skin but to your child's clothing.

The information contained on this website should not be used as a substitute for advice and care of your pediatrician. There may be many variations in treatment that your pediatrician could recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.

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