Fruit in Vases - Yes, you can grow them in pots!

Fruit in Vases - Yes, you can grow them in pots!

Fruit in Vases - Yes, you can grow them in pots!

You may have wondered why in this post I did not add the scientific name of the pitanga, but only reticence. The first reason that led me to put the ellipsis, is to reflect the intonation given by most people when you cite this fruit. Who has not tasted that pitanga with a strong aftertaste of turpentine or bitter (eca !!!!)? Many people never want to taste another pitanga after this experience, but they do not know that the pitanga is a very variable fruit in shape (smooth or costly), in size (1cm to 5cm in diameter), in ripe color (green, orange, red, purple or black), the fruit's taste (bitter, sour, sweet), the amount of pulp (some have small or nonexistent lump, others have more than one, others have a huge lump) and also tree, which can not be more than a mere bush that barely reaches 1 meter in height or becomes a giant of about 12 meters in height! Why so much variation?!?! When to buy the seedling, how to know if you are carrying a plant that produces quality fruits or that ill-fated pitanga like terebentine taste ????

Different colors and shapes of fruits

The second reason is the variety of types that exist. The scientific name for which the pitanga is known is Eugenia Uniflora. Under this scientific name is sheltered most varieties of pitanga. Varieties: this is the correct term.

On the left the tree pitanga, common throughout Brazil and can reach 12m in height. To the right, the pitanga of the cerrado that barely reaches 1 meter in height. Note the different shape of the leaves, although the fruits are similar.

The arboreal pitangueira is very adaptable to varied climatic conditions, tolerates well pruning, and is found from the border with the Guianas (where it is known as Suriname Cherry) to Argentina. The Pitanga-Peba (scientific name Eugenia Pitanga) is unique to the Brazilian Cerrado region. Both fruit after 2 or 3 years of life, but the difference is in size: the tree will have at least one meter and twenty when fruiting for the first time, while the one of the cerrado can be less than a span of height, as my post of 04/08/2015, whose photo you can see here: Frutifying!

Both can be grown in pots, but the one of the cerrado besides occupying much less space (can even be on the balcony of an apartment , since it receives solar light), has fruits more succulent and of great flavor. It is worth mentioning that some varieties of pitanga arborea do not exceed 2 meters, while others can reach 12 meters in height and if you get one of these sooner or later you will have to take it out of the vase. Still talking about the cherry tree, one piece of advice: just buy the seedling if you can taste the fruit it produces. So you avoid buying a variety that has the ill taste of turpentine and depending on the size of the seedling producing, you can get an idea of ​​the variety and the final size of the tree. Another tip is to opt for black or purple pitangas, which usually taste much better.

The pitangueira produces a good amount of fruits and also has a nice ornamental effect due to its wine-red shoots. One of the varieties I have has lost all the leaves in the fall and blooms in the winter. Very beautiful!

So, were you interested? Then go after your pitangueira! In the links section you can find tree seedlings from any of the suppliers, but, as far as I know, only the Fruit Collection, the e-Garden and the Fruit Seedlings have seedlings of the cerrado variety (Pitanga-Peba - Eugenia Pitanga ) . In the Free Market you will also find several ads of both varieties in their different colors. You can also buy your seedlings at CEAGESP during the week (see days and times) and at the Saturday and Sunday fairs.

For those who have availability and transportation, (up to 10, varied) in the nurseries of the prefecture.

Curiosities: Sapiranga, or Pau-Sorrel (scientific name Eugenia Multicostata ​​em> is a close relative of the pitanga. The fruit is similar, but larger.

The tree is much larger and can not be maintained indefinitely in pots: it reaches 30 meters in height with an almost rectilinear trunk and brilliant brownish-red tone, whose leaves remember those of pitanga arborea, but they are also larger. Its growth is quite slow, and it starts fruiting between 5 and 7 years of age.

The adult tree and its leaves

If you have sufficient soil space, this tree is an excellent acquisition not only because of its fruits, but mainly to beautify and enhance your property.

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