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Laurisilva Forest

It is a forest formation considered as a relic of the forests that covered the Mediterranean basin 20 million years ago.

It is a type of forest subtropical, that only survives in the archipelagos of the Macaronesia (Canaries, Azores and Madeira), formed by arboreal species of the family of lauráceas that next to the Fayal-Brezal composes the denominated Monteverde.

La Laurisilva needs for its development a high degree of humidity, a precipitation of 500 to 1100 mm. and an average annual temperature of 15-19º C, without frost. These special conditions occur at a height of 400-1500 meters, on the northern slope of the Anaga massif, subject to the permanent influence of the moist trade winds that originate the so-called "sea of ​​clouds".

Laurisilva is formed by laurifolios trees of diverse families: parrot or laurel, viñátigo, barbuzano, linden, white stick, mocán, wild naranjero, aderno, arbutus, etc., some lianas, ivy, ferns and abundant fungi, mosses and lichens. Its great mass of leaves, always green, favors the condensation of the fogs producing a local rain to the foot of each tree that is known as "precipitation or horizontal rain" that makes the ground of the Laurisilva always be oozing with moisture, covered by a thick layer of organic matter in which ferns, mosses and lichens grow, which also ascend through the trunks and branches of the trees.

In Tenerife there are forests of Laurisilva, the Anaga Park, in the Teno massif, in Aguagarcía (Tacoronte) and the slope of Tigaiga (Los Realejos).

LAURISILVA, A RELIQUIA OF THE TERTIARY

This forest extended during the Tertiary period, more than 20 million years ago, over a wide area of ​​the Mediterranean basin. Later, the climatic changes confined it to the Macaronesian archipelagos (Canary Islands, Azores and Madeira).

It is a forest formation considered as a relic of the forests that covered the Mediterranean basin 20 million years ago.

It is a type of subtropical forest that only survives in the archipelagos of the Macaronesia (Canary Islands, Azores and Madeira), formed by tree species of the family of lauráceas that together with the Fayal-Brezal make up the so-called green mount.

The Laurisilva needs a high degree of humidity for its development , at a precipitation of 500 to 1,100 mm. And an average annual temperature of 15-19 ° C, without frost. These special conditions occur at 400-1500 meters above sea level, on the northern slope of the Anaga massif, subject to the permanent influence of the moist trade winds that originate the so-called "sea of ​​clouds".

The Laurisilva is made up of laurifolia trees of various families: loro or laurel, viñátigo, barbuzano, linden, white palo, mocán, wild naranjero, aderno, madroño, etc., some lianas, ivy, ferns and abundant fungi, mosses and lichens.

Its great mass of leaves, always green, favors the condensation of the fogs producing a local rain at the foot of each tree that is known like "precipitation or horizontal rain" that makes the floor of the Laurisilva always is oozing of humidity, covered by A thick layer of organic matter in which ferns, mosses and lichens grow that also ascend through the trunks and branches of the trees.

In Tenerife there are forests of Laurisilva, besides in the Park of Anaga, in the Teno massif, in Aguagarcía (Tacoronte) and the slope of Tigaiga (Los Realejos).

LAURISILVA, A RELICT OF THE TERTIARY

This forest extended during the Tertiary Period, more than 20 million years ago, over a wide area of ​​the Mediterranean basin. Subsequently, climatic changes confined to the Macaronesian archipelagos (Canary Islands, Azores and Madeira).

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