Rules for written accents in Spanish - Joanna Bartow

Rules for written accents in Spanish - Joanna Bartow

Rules for written accents in Spanish - Joanna Bartow

FIRST, it is important to understand how to divide the word into SYLLABLES because you will have to identify which syllable is stressed in a word.

  • A vowel or diphthong vowels pronounced as one sound) is the basis for a syllable: ha-bla, ha-blan, ha-blar, co-li-brí, fá-cil, ca-mión, ló-gi-co. li> A syllable begins with the consonant preceding its vowel, if there is one.
  • Except for "ll" and "rr," and except for any consonant followed by "l" and "r", two consonants are divided: au-to-rre-pre-sen-ta-tion .
  • Strong vowels (a, e, vowels (i, u) can not. Consequently:
    • A word like leo, with two strong vowels, is two syllables, stressed on the next-to-last syllable: leo.
    • When a weak vowel is next to a strong one, that forms a diphthong and therefore one syllable because the weak "melts into" the strong: comes, kingdom, Mario, handsome, cage, fall.
    • care.

Take a quick quiz on syllables.

Now, let's learn the TWO BASIC RULES. A word without an accent is pronounced with "natural" stress according to these two rules:

The next-to-last syllable if the word ends in vowel, n, or s: speak, speak, speak , speak. The last syllable if the word ends in a consonant other than n or s: talk, scar, natural.

Take a quick quiz on the naturally stressed syllable <

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Rules for written accents in Spanish - Joanna Bartow

For example: hummingbird, easy, truck, logical, pencil.

If the word departs from the two rules above, and the new stress falls on a diphthong, the accent is on the strong vowel: Jáuregui.

Take a quick quiz: accent or not?

Take a quick quiz on weak vowels (i, u) and accents.

ACCENTS TO DISTINGUISH BETWEEN WORDS. They are not the same as the rules. This is to distinguish two meanings of the same word:

I think that I have a lot of things to do. (To me, from me) this (adjective form), this one this pronoun from (of, from), dé (subjunctive of verb dar) More (more)

Interrogative words carry an accent (who? what? what, when ?, where ?, how much?). This is true even when they are imbedded in an indirect question:

  • Who is this gentleman? I do not know who that man is.
  • What do you want? You have to tell me what you want.
  • Where does your uncle live? I'm going to find out where your uncle lives.

Now, using all the points covered here, decide which words in this text need accents. The stressed syllables are in bold:

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