Gardening, plants and their care: STROMANTHE 'TRIO STAR' Stromanthe sanguinea

Growing Stromanthe sanguine gives you a super attractive houseplant that can be used as a Christmas gift plant. Foliage of this plant is red, white and green coloration. A relative of the popular prayer plant, stromanthe houseplants are sometimes thought to be difficult to maintain. Following a few basics of stromanthe plant care allows you to demonstrate your green thumb and keep the attractive specimen growing and thriving year round.

Foliage of stromanthe houseplants is a reddish maroon and pink on the backside of the leaves, peeking through the green and white variegated tops. With the right stromanthe plant care, the 'Triostar' can reach 2 to 3 feet in height and 1 to 2 feet across.

Learning how to grow stromanthe is not complicated, but you must commit to providing regular humiditywhen growing the Stromanthe 'Triostar' plant. A native of the Brazilian rain forest, the plant can not exist in a dry environment. Misting helps provide humidity, as does a pebble tray under or near the plant. A room humidifier close by is a great asset when growing Stromanthe sanguine.

Stromanthe contains many plants.

herbaceous perennials with rhizomes, evergreens, originating in tropical areas of Central-South America.

These plants are highly valued for their beautiful variegated leaf litter reminiscent of Ctenanthe Calathea with which they are often confused. Long stems carry the flowers, yellow, red or white depending on the species and provided with irregularly colored bracts.

There are many species in the Stromanthe genre among which we remember:

STROMANTHE SANGUINEA

It blooms in winter-spring and the flowers have white petals and blood-red sepals (protected from red bracts).

many cultivars among which we remember Stromanthe sanguinea 'Triostar' (photo beside) with particularly decorative leaves.

STROMANTHE JACQUINII (S. LUTEA) Stromanthe jacquinii (Stromanthe lutea ) is native to Central American countries (Panama, Colombia, Venezuela) and has beautiful long olive green leaves, up to 35 cm. In winter and in spring it produces yellow flowers always protected by yellow bracts. Stromanthe plants are not easy to grow as the first important condition to to respect them is to guarantee them a high humidity both in summer and in winter.

They are very sensitive to the low temperatures, so much that they do not have to lower of 18 ° C in the winter period.

It is also important to remember to regularly wash leaves at least once a month throughout the year to prevent mite attacks.

> The soil must always be moderately moist, preferably watering with non-calcareous water.

Ensuring a wet environment is an essential condition for the survival of Stromanthe . throughout the year, in addition to regularly spraying the leaves with warm water, support the pot over expanded clay or gravel where a thread of water (never in contact with the roots) that when evaporated, will create a humid environment around the plant.

SOIL - TRANSPLANT

Throughout the spring and summer period provide a liquid fertilizer with irrigation water, every two weeks, at medium doses and particularly poor in nitrogen.

These are plants that can not be pruned. Only those parts that are dried or damaged are removed to prevent them from becoming a vehicle for parasitic diseases.

The multiplication of Stromanthe can occur by seed or, more simply, by division of the plant.

MULTIPLICATION BY DIVISION OF THE PLANT

After flowering or at the end of winter divide the rhizomes using a clean, sanitized and sharp knife to avoid that the tissue is frayed, in several portions, each provided with at least 2-3 well-developed leaves and roots, treating the cut surfaces with broad spectrum sulfur-based fungicides. Each individual portion is quickly planted in individual pots using the same substrate used for adult plants and kept in the shade, at a temperature around 24 ° C and with a high humidity rate until the new buds begin to sprout. Since then they can be treated as adult plants.

Brown spots on the leaves, especially on the underside, could mean that it is in the presence of brown cochineal or cottonseed mealy bugs. To be safe, it is advisable to use a magnifying glass and observe and confront with the indicated photo. The brown cochineal is presented with the body covered by a species of waxy shield of dark color while the cottony cochineal, with the body wrapped by a species of wool fluff. Also if you try to remove them with a fingernail, they come out easily.

Leaves that begin to yellow, appear dotted with yellow and brown spots

If the leaves begin to yellow and later to these manifestations, they are curled, almost assuming a powdery appearance and fall, most likely is in the presence of a red spider attack or spider mite, a very annoying and harmful mite. Observe carefully to note also subtle cobwebs especially on the underside of the leaves.

Remedy: increase nebulisations around the plant because the lack of moisture favors its development and eventually only in the case of infestations particularly severe, use specific chemicals. If the plant is not particularly large, it may also be tried to clean the leaves to mechanically remove the parasite using a wet and soapy cotton cup. Afterwards, the plant should be rinsed very well to remove all the soap.

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